Plug-in hybrid vs. hybrid vs. electric
What's the difference?
A hybrid is powered by a combination of an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. It only uses the electric motor when accelerating and at speeds of up to 25 km/h, which makes it an ideal vehicle for cities. If the speed goes up, the internal combustion engine kicks in. The electric motor is charged every time you brake while driving.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) have an internal combustion engine and a battery, just like a hybrid. PHEVs have larger batteries than hybrids and are mainly charged by plugging the car into a charging station, hence the name "plug in hybrid". This gives plug-in hybrids a far greater range than hybrids.
A battery electric vehicle (BEV) is powered by a large battery that is connected to at least one electric motor. There is no petrol, gas or diesel involved. Battery electric vehicles are becoming increasingly common and affordable thanks to rapid innovations by relatively new companies such as Tesla and established car manufacturers such as Audi, BMW, Mercedes, Volkswagen and Nissan.
What’s more, the charging infrastructure and technology is developing and improving all the time, while the charging network has grown exponentially in recent years in North America, Europe and China in particular.