Hybrid vehicles are divided (to this day) into three categories: “Mild Hybrid”, “Full Hybrid” and “Plug-in Hybrid”. Mild Hybrid vehicles combine an internal combustion engine and an electric motor assisting and undertaking the vehicle’s electric functions, when there is no charge in the engine (e.g. when the vehicle moves downhill or, in general, when there is no acceleration). They are considered the most adaptable vehicles under the current conditions, because they achieve less consumption inside the city, but are also considered ideal for trips.
Full Hybrid vehicles have an electric system consisting of an electric motor (larger, of course, than the one in the Mild Hybrid vehicles), a power generator and a battery pack. This system, although able to work simultaneously alongside the internal combustion engine, when greater power is needed, can make the vehicle move using only the electric motor for short distances. Its battery is also rechargeable through the power produced from regenerative braking, and this is one of the reasons why Full Hybrid vehicles achieve significantly lower emissions of harmful gases. Completely electric vehicles, requiring a fixed charging station, are ideal particularly for the city, but not yet for traveling, since they have a limited kilometer autonomy.
Finally, Plug-in Hybrid vehicles are the evolution bringing us closer to electromobility of the future: we can recharge vehicles not only at a public charging station, but also, with the appropriate installation, at our home or at any available socket! The Plug-in Hybrid vehicles’ performance already covers, according to experts, the average person’s everyday transportation needs, signifying a newborn future revolution in the automotive industry!